Weather is the state of the atmosphere at a particular place and time as regards heat, cloudiness, dryness, sunshine, cold, wind, rain, etc. The weather of a place can change very quickly. If yesterday was cold, today it may be very hot and sunny. If today the weather is sunny with a clear sky, tomorrow there might be clouds and rain. Thus, we used to describe weather as sunny, cloudy, rainy and snowy.
A. ANSWER THESE QUESTIONS.
- What is the difference between weather and climate?
- How are clouds formed? How do we get rain from these clouds?
- What are the four main steps of the water cycle.
- How do we get hail?
- List two points on which the climate of a place depends.
- What kind of climate does India have?
- Why do clothes take longer to dry on a humid day?
- What is dew?
- Define humidity?
B. TRUE OR FALSE.
- Clouds are made of small drops of water or crystals of ice.
- Frozen dew is called frost.
- We feel sticky and uncomfortable on a humid day.
- We get hail, or frozen rain, in cold weather.
- It cannot snow on high mountains near the equator.
- Gale is a strong wind.
- The climate can change quickly, but the weather does not change for many years.
- Places near the poles have hot climate.
- The small drops of water that form on leaves and grass at night are called fog.
- Bad weather with strong winds and rain is called storm.