Class 3 Social Studies

States and Union Territories of India – Class 3

States and Union Territories of India – Class 3

We need government to run our country. Government looks after the needs needs, welfare and safety of the people of our country. The government provides order within a society by framing laws or rules.Government works for welfare of the society by building schools, roads, hospitals, railway stations, bus stand, airports and parks. They also provide basic services like potable drinking water, electricity, telephones, cooking gas, petrol and public transport system.


In India we have two types of governments – the Central Government and the State Government.

Central Government

The Central Government is the government of the whole country. It looks after the needs, welfare and safety of the people of the country. India is a Union of 29 States and 7 Union Territories. There is a Central Government and several State Governments. In India, the Central Government is based in New Delhi, the capital of India. The Central Government is also known as the Union Government. People of India choose the members of the Central Government. The President, Prime Minister and other ministers forms the Central Government.

Government of States and Union Territories

Our country India is divided into 29 smaller states. For a big country like India it is difficult for the Central Government to look after the needs and welfare of whole country by itself. Thus, our constitution provides for separate government for each states. Each state has its own government which looks after the welfare of the people of that state. People of the State choose the members of the State Government. The Governor, Chief Minister and other minister forms the State Government.

India has 7 Union Territories. These Union Territories are directly under the control of Central Government. To look after the Union Territories, the President of India appoints an administrator or Lieutenant-Governor for each Union Territories.

States of India and its Capital

StateCapitalMain Languages
Andhra PradeshHyderabad (Amaravati proposed)Telugu and Urdu
Arunachal PradeshItanagarApatani, Bangni, Tagin, Hills Miri, Galo, Adi
AssamDispurAssamese, Bodo
BiharPatna (earlier known as Patliputra)Hindi, Urdu, Maithili, Bhojpuri, Magadhi
ChattisgarhRaipurChhattisgarhi and Hindi
GoaPanajiKonkani and Marathi
GujaratGandhinagarGujarati
HaryanaChandigarh (also the capital of Punjab)Haryanvi and Hindi
Himachal PradeshShimlaHindi and Pahari
JharkhandRanchiSanthali, Mundari, Kurukh, Khortha, Hindi, Bengali, Oriya
Jammu & KashmirSrinagar(Summer) &
Jammu (Winter)
Urdu, Kashmiri, Ladakhi
KarnatakaBengaluruKannada
KeralaThiruvananthpuram Malayalam
Madhya PradeshBhopalHindi
MaharashtraMumbai (earlier known as Bombay)Marathi
ManipurImphalManipuri
MeghalayaShillongKhasi, Garo, English
MizoramAizwalMizo
NagalandKohimaEnglish, Konyak, Angami
OdishaBhubaneshwarOriya
PunjabChandigarh (also the capital of Haryana)Punjabi
RajasthanJaipur (also known as Pink City)Hindi, Rajasthani
SikkimGangtokNepali, Bhutia, Lepcha, Limbu, Hindi, English
TelenganaHyderabadTelugu
Tamil NaduChennai (earlier known as Madras)Tamil
TripuraAgartalaBengali and Kokborok
Uttar PradeshLucknow (also known as City of Nawabs)Hindi
UttarakhandDehradunKumaoni, Garhwali
West BengalKolkata (earlier known as Calcutta)Bengali


Union TerritoryCapital
Main Languages
Delhi (National Capital Territory)DelhiHindi and English
Andaman & Nicobar IslandsPortblair Bengali, Hindi, Tamil, Nicobarese and Telugu
ChandigarhChandigarh (designed by Le Corbusier)Hindi, Punjabi
Dadra and Nagar HaveliSilvassaBhili, Bhilodi, Hindi, Gujarati
Daman & DiuDaman (lies on the Gujarat Coast)Gujarati, Marathi
Lakshadweep
(smallest Union Territory)
Kavaratti Malayalam
PondicherryPondicherryMalyalam, Telugu, Tamil, French

Among the Union Territories, the Andaman and Nicobar islands are the biggest, and Lakshadweep the smallest. Delhi is also a union territory with the status of the National Capital Territory.

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