Means of Transport for Class 3

Means of Transport


In ancient times, people used to walk on foot to travel from one place to another.

When wheel was invented people began to travel by cart.

With the development of science and technology, different mode of transports such as bicycle, rickshaw, motor cycle, scooter, car, bus, train, ship and aeroplane was invented. These are all different means of transport.

This chapter is important for students studying in Class 3. Let's learn more about the Means of Transport.

The means of transport allowed people as well as goods to be carried from one place to another in shortest time.

We choose transport on the basis of the distance to be travelled, cost of travel and time required.

There are three main means of transport. They are land transport, air transport and water transport.

Land Transport

Land Transport

Land Transport

Means of transport that move on land only are called land transport.

As land transport is cheaper, it is the most common means of transporting people and goods from one place to another.

Example of land transport are bicycle, motor cycle, scooter, car, bus, train, bullock cart and camel cart.

Air Transport

Aeroplane

Aeroplane

Means of transport that move in the air only are called air transport. 

Air transport can move people and goods from one place to another very quickly but it is very expensive.

Example of air transport are aeroplane and helicopter. Aeroplanes take off from airports.

Water Transport

Ship

Ship

Means of transport that move only on water are called water transport. 

Water travel is slow as compared to land and air travel. Ships are used for travelling short distances and to transport huge quantities of goods to far away places. 

Example of water transport are boat, steamer and ship.

Use of animals for transport

Bullock Cart

Bullock Cart

In older days, animals were used as a means of transport. Carts pulled by bullocks, horses and camels were used to carry people and goods from one place to another.

In desert, camels were used as transport. A camel is called the ship of the desert. In hilly areas, ponies and mules are used to carry people and goods. In forests, elephants are used to move heavy logs.

A. ANSWER THESE QUESTIONS.

1. What do you understand by the term 'means of transport'?


To go to places which are far away from us, we have to use a bicycle, rickshaw, scooter, car, bus, train, ship or aeroplane. These are all called different means of transport.

2. How do we choose a means of transport when we want to travel?

While travelling the means of transport we choose will depend on the distance to be travelled, the money we can spend and the time available.

3. Water transport is slow. Then why do people use it?

Water transport is slow but still people use it to travel short distances and to transport huge quantities of goods to other places.

4. Name five means of land transport.

Five means of land transport are-
Bus, Train, Bicycle, Trucks and Tongas.

5. What are the common means of transport in our villages?

Bicycles, bullock-carts and tractors are the common means of transport in our villages.

B. FILL IN THE BLANKS.

1. Camels are used as means of transport mainly in ________.

2. Aeroplanes take off from ________.

3. India has one of the largest ________ network in the world.

4. __________ is the fastest means of transport.



desert
airport
railway
aeroplane