Means of Transport
In ancient times, people used to walk on foot to travel from one place to another.
When wheel was invented people began to travel by cart.
With the development of science and technology, different mode of transports such as bicycle, rickshaw, motor cycle, scooter, car, bus, train, ship and aeroplane was invented. These are all different means of transport.
This chapter is important for students studying in Class 3. Let's learn more about the Means of Transport.
The means of transport allowed people as well as goods to be carried from one place to another in shortest time.
We choose transport on the basis of the distance to be travelled, cost of travel and time required.
There are three main means of transport. They are land transport, air transport and water transport.
Means of transport that move on land only are called land transport.
As land transport is cheaper, it is the most common means of transporting people and goods from one place to another.
Example of land transport are bicycle, motor cycle, scooter, car, bus, train, bullock cart and camel cart.
Means of transport that move in the air only are called air transport.
Air transport can move people and goods from one place to another very quickly but it is very expensive.
Example of air transport are aeroplane and helicopter. Aeroplanes take off from airports.
Means of transport that move only on water are called water transport.
Water travel is slow as compared to land and air travel. Ships are used for travelling short distances and to transport huge quantities of goods to far away places.
Example of water transport are boat, steamer and ship.
Use of animals for transport
In older days, animals were used as a means of transport. Carts pulled by bullocks, horses and camels were used to carry people and goods from one place to another.
In desert, camels were used as transport. A camel is called the ship of the desert. In hilly areas, ponies and mules are used to carry people and goods. In forests, elephants are used to move heavy logs.
A. ANSWER THESE QUESTIONS.
1. What do you understand by the term 'means of transport'?
2. How do we choose a means of transport when we want to travel?
3. Water transport is slow. Then why do people use it?
4. Name five means of land transport.
5. What are the common means of transport in our villages?
B. FILL IN THE BLANKS.
1. Camels are used as means of transport mainly in ________.
2. Aeroplanes take off from ________.
3. India has one of the largest ________ network in the world.
4. __________ is the fastest means of transport.