Class 4 Social Studies

How Our Villages Are Run – Class 4

How Our Villages Are Run

Village

For Class 4

A. ANSWER THESE QUESTIONS.

  1. Write any three things a gram panchayat does.
    1. To provide villagers with water, it sets up tubewells and tanks.
    2. It helps to set up and run health centres in the village.
    3. It helps farmers get seeds and fertilisers.
  2. How does a gram panchayat try to reduce illiteracy?
    To reduce illiteracy, the gram panchayat may set up and run a primary school for children and an adult-education centre, where adult can study after work.
  3. From where does a gram panchayat get money for all the work it does?
    A gram panchayat gets money from the state government. It also gets money from taxes on houses, shops and fairs in the village.
  4. Why is it good for villages to have a local government?
    Every state of India has hundreds of villages. It is not possible for the state government to look after the needs of the people of every village. Thus to look after the village people it is good for villages to have a local government.
  5. Who elects the members of a gram panchayat?
    Members of the gram sabha elects the members of a gram panchayat.

B. TRUE OR FALSE.

  1. A gram panchayat is usually made up of five people.
  2. A woman cannot be a member of a gram panchayat.
  3. The sarpanch is chosen by the government.
  4. Members of a gram panchayat are elected for a fixed period of time.
  5. The gram panchayat helps to settle fights between villagers.
  1. True
  2. False. Atleast one-third of the members of a gram panchayat have to be women.
  3. False. Members of the gram sabha elects the sarpanch.
  4. True
  5. True

C. FILL IN THE BLANKS.

  1. To ________ means to express your choice.
  2. To vote in a gram panchayat election, a person has to be at least _________ years old.
  3. ___________ is a paper on which a voter marks his or her choice.
  4. All adult villagers are members of its __________.
  5. The gram sabha can __________ how the gram panchayat spend its money.
  1. vote
  2. 18
  3. ballot
  4. gram sabha
  5. check

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Mamta