Forest and Wildlife for Class 4

Forests and Wildlife

For Class 4


  1. On what does natural vegetation depend?

    Natural vegetation depends on climate, soil and natural landform.
  2. What kinds of plants are found in mountain forests?

    On lower slopes of mountain, there are rainforests or deciduous forests.
    Higher up there are cone-shaped trees called conifers.
    Still higher there are only bushes and grasses grow.
  3. Give reasons why forests are being cut away.

    Forests are cut for wood and also to make space for farms, houses, roads, railways, and so on.
  4. Give three examples each of wild animals and birds found in India.

    Wild animals – tiger, leopard and elephant.
    Birds – parrot, mynah and owl.
  5. Protecting forests is the first step we can take to save wildlife. Why?

    Protecting forests is the first step we can take to save wildlife because cutting away forests makes many animals homeless.
  6. Define Rainforests, Monsoon forests and Thorn forests.

    Rainforests – Places that get heavy rain throughout the year have dense forests called rainforests.
    Monsoon forests – Forests found in warm places that have wet and dry seasons are called monsoon forests.
    Thorn forests – Forests found in dry places are called thorn forests.
  7. Define Mangrove forests. In which area in India, mangrove forests are found?

    Mangroves are plants that can live on land that is often flooded by salty water. In India it is found in Sunderban delta of West Bengal.
  8. Why forests are important to us?

    1. Forests helps to keep the air clean and maintain its mix of gases.
    2. The roots of trees hold the soil and stop it from being carried away by wind and water.
    3. Forests give us wood which are used as a fuel, to build houses and to make furniture and paper.
    4. It also give us fruits and medicine.
  9. Name any three national parks in India?

    Three national parks in India – Ranthambore, Kanha and Corbett.



  1. Monsoon forests are deciduous forests.
  2. Areas with very heavy rainfall have thorn forests.
  3. Trees stop the soil from being carried away by rain or wind.
  4. The Asiatic lion is in danger of becoming extinct.
  5. Hunting is not allowed in national parks.

  1. True
  2. False. Areas with very heavy rainfall have dense forests called rainforests.
  3. True
  4. True
  5. True



  1. Most trees in __________ forests shed their leaves in the dry season.
  2. ________ forests are found in dry areas.
  3. Using less __________ and ___________ can help save forests.
  4. The ________ and _________ are big cats found in India.
  5. __________ and __________ protect animals and their homes.


  1. monsoon
  2. Thorn
  3. woods, papers
  4. tiger, leopard
  5. national parks, wildlife sanctuaries

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