Kolkata – Class 3
Kolkata was earlier known as Calcutta. It is the capital of West Bengal. It is situated on the east bank of river Hooghly. It is one of the four metro cities of India.
As Kolkata is situated near the seacost, it has a moderate climate. It is neither very hot in summer nor very cold in winter. It rains heavily during rainy season from June to September.
Bengalis are very fond of sweets. Rasagulla is the most popular sweets in Kolkata. Fish and rice are the staple food of West Bengal.
Durga Puja and Kali Puja are the most important festivals celebrated in Kolkata.
Dhoti kurta and pyjama kurta are the traditional dress of men in Kolkata. However, young men wear shirts, t-shirts, trousers and jeans. Women wear sari, salwar kameez, t-shirt and jeans.
Bengali is the main language spoken in Kolkata. However, other languages like Hindi, Bhojpuri and Urdu are also spoken here. Bengalis are very fond of art and music. The great poet Rabindranath Tagore, who wrote our National Anthem – Jana Gana Mana, belonged to Kolkata. He was the first Indian to get the Nobel Prize.
The two main railway stations of Kolkata are Howrah and Sealdah. Shalimar and Kolkata (Chitpur) are other two railway stations in Kolkata. Howrah railway station is located on the bank of river Hooghly. Howrah and Kolkata are twin cities. The two twin cities are connected by two bridges. These two bridges are Howrah Bridge (Rabindra Setu) and Vidyasagar Setu.
Kolkata is the first city in India to have an underground metro railway system. Kolkata also has an international airport named Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport.
The main tourist attractions in Kolkata are Victorial Memorial, National Museum, Alipore Zoo, Birla Planetorium, Science City, Belur Math, Eco Park and National Library. National Museum, Alipore Zoo and National Library are the biggest in India.
Jute, textile, paper, chemical and rice are some of the important industries in Kolkata.
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